One of the most important Italian grammar lessons is that about the gerund. In English you can use this when you want to make continuous tenses and it is represented by the verb form ending in -ing. Let’s discover how to use the gerund in Italian and how to make it.
How to use the gerund in Italian
In Italian you have to use the gerund when you need to make continuous tenses. This verb form in Italian can end in -ando or in -endo depending on the infinitive of the verb. For example, the verb to play in Italian is giocare and its gerund is giocando, instead the verb to know in Italian is sapere and its gerund is sapendo.
If you want to make the present continuous you have to use the verb stare as auxiliary before the verb in gerund. For example, if you want to translate I’m playing football you have to say Sto giocando a calcio: the gerund form is that of the verb to play (giocare), but before this there is the verb stare.
If you want to make the past continuous the procedure is the same, but the auxiliary verb stare must be used in the past tense. For example, if you want to translate I was playing football you have to say Stavo giocando a calcio.
In Italian you can use the gerund also when you want to explain when something happened, for example the sentence When I came I fell in Italian can be translated with Entrando sono caduto. This verb form can be used to explain why something happened and in what circumstances it happened too.
How to make the gerund in Italian
Now let’s see together how to make the gerund in Italian. For the verbs whose infinitive ends in -are, the gerund form can be obtained replacing -are with -ando. If the infinitive ends in -erethe gerund form ends in -endo and also for the verbs with an infinitive in -ire the gerund form is in -endo.
Italian language has a lot of irregular verbs and for these you need to learn the exceptions. For example, for the verb bere (to drink) the gerund is not bendo, but it’s bevendo. We suggest you to read our guide about how to learn Italian verbs quickly, so that you will have the opportunity to improve your vocabulary and to have a large number of Italian verbs to use.
Studying the Italian gerund with Clidante
You can study the Italian gerund and also other Italian grammar rules with our courses. Clidante offers you a lot of different courses and lessons, all you have to do is filling the enrollment form and choosing which kind of course you prefer.